The Path to an RSV Vaccine
Christine A. Shaw, Max Ciarlet, Brian W. Cooper, Lamberto Dionigi, Paula Keith, Karen B. O'Brien, Maryam Rafie-Kolpin and Philip R. Dormitzer
from: Advanced Vaccine Research Methods for the Decade of Vaccines (Edited by: Fabio Bagnoli and Rino Rappuoli). Caister Academic Press, U.K. (2015) Pages: 411-424.
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the greatest remaining unmet infant vaccine need in developed countries and an important unmet infant vaccine need worldwide. More than 40 years of effort have yet to result in a licensed RSV vaccine for humans. Key challenges to RSV vaccine development include a peak of severe disease at 2-3 months of age, problematic biochemical behavior of key vaccine antigens, a history of vaccine-mediated disease enhancement, and reliance on animal models that may not accurately reflect human disease processes. Potential paths to overcome these challenges include maternal immunization, structure-based engineering of vaccine antigens, the design of a novel platform for safe infant immunization, and the development of improved animal models for vaccine-enhanced disease read more ...