Adaptations to Environmental Changes: Stress Response Mechanisms Among Vibrio Species
W. Brian Whitaker and E. Fidelma Boyd
from: Stress Response in Microbiology (Edited by: Jose M. Requena). Caister Academic Press, U.K. (2012)
Members of the genus Vibrio are Gram-negative ubiquitous marine bacteria. They can be isolated directly from the water column but are perhaps most known for their association with eukaryotic organisms. In their association with eukaryotic hosts, be it pathogenic or symbiotic, these bacteria must respond to a variety of stress conditions present within the host environment. Often times, these stress response systems are vitally important for the vibrios to successfully establish in the host. Here, we will discuss the systems used by the three main human pathogens of the genus, V. cholerae, V. parahaemolyticus, and V. vulnificus as well as briefly discussing the stress response systems of V. fischeri, V. splendidus, and V. anguillarum, all of which form close associations with marine organisms read more ...