RT-qPCR for Validating Microbial Microarray Data
Dan Tulpan, Michelle Davey and Mark Laflamme
from: Quantitative Real-time PCR in Applied Microbiology (Edited by: Martin Filion). Caister Academic Press, U.K. (2012)
The ability of DNA microarray technology to identify and quantify microbial entities and genes of interest in various environments, such as soil, water, air, compost, and blood, propelled biological, environmental and clinical research into the post-genomic era. Nevertheless, as it is valid for any new technology, errors may occur at different stages along the experimental process. Three sources of errors associated with DNA microarray utilization have been identified by Taniguchi et al. (2001), namely: (i) the microarray fabrication, (ii) the microarray experiment, and (iii) the interpretation of results (data analysis). Validation strategies are typically required to alleviate and eventually repair the undesired errors that may arise in a microarray experiment. One of the validation techniques widely accepted and used worldwide is the quantitative Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-qPCR). This chapter will provide succinct introductions to microarray technologies applied to microbial research and fundamental notions regarding RT-qPCR and its use to validate microarray results. A discussion including advantages and disadvantages of microbial microarray validation using RT-qPCR will be presented and current and future trends and research directions will be summarized towards the end of the chapter read more ...