Mechanisms of Action of Probiotic Yeasts
Flaviano dos Santos Martins and Jacques Robert Nicoli
from: Probiotics and Prebiotics: Current Research and Future Trends (Edited by: Koen Venema and Ana Paula do Carmo). Caister Academic Press, U.K. (2015) Pages: 105-114.
Some yeasts such as Saccharomyces boulardii 17 and Saccharomyces cerevisiae UFMG 905 can be used as probiotics to prevent or treat various infectious and inflammatory diseases. Similar to bacterial probiotics, beneficial effects of these yeasts are the results of simultaneous action of various mechanisms such as modulation of some aspects of local and systemic immune responses, trapping of bacterial toxin or pathogenic bacterial cells on yeast surface, and maintenance of intestinal epithelium integrity. Acting together, these mechanisms seem to be responsible for a reduction of inflammatory process, intestinal permeability and bacterial translocation observed during infectious and inflammatory diseases read more ...