MAMPs/PAMPs - Elicitors of Innate Immunity in Plants
Gitte Erbs and Mari-Anne Newman
from: Plant Pathogenic Bacteria: Genomics and Molecular Biology (Edited by: Robert W. Jackson). Caister Academic Press, U.K. (2009)
Plants perceive several general elicitors from both host and non-host pathogens. These elicitors are essential structures for pathogen survival and are for that reason conserved among pathogens. These conserved microbe-specific molecules, also referred to as Microbe or Pathogen Associated Molecular Patterns (MAMPs or PAMPs), are recognised by the plant innate immune systems Pattern Recognition Receptors (PRRs). General bacterial elicitors, like lipopolysaccharides (LPS), flagellin (Flg), elongation factor Tu (EF-Tu), cold shock protein (CSP), peptidoglycan (PGN) and the enzyme superoxide dismutase (SodM) are known to act as MAMPs and induce immune responses in plants or plant cells (G—mez-G—mez and Boller, 2000; Erbs and Newman, 2003; Felix and Boller, 2003; Kunze et al., 2004; Watt et al., 2006, Gust et al., 2007; Erbs et al., unpublished). The corresponding PRRs for some of these bacterial elicitors have, in recent years, been identified. Here, the current knowledge regarding bacterial elicitors of innate immunity in plants is presented read more ...