NB-LRR Immune Receptors in Plant Virus Defense
Patrick Cournoyer and Savithramma P. Dinesh-Kumar
from: Recent Advances in Plant Virology (Edited by: Carole Caranta, Miguel A. Aranda, Mark Tepfer and J.J. Lopez-Moya). Caister Academic Press, U.K. (2011)
Resistance genes protect plants from infection by viruses and many other classes of pathogens. The dominant, anti-viral R genes that have been cloned thus far encode NB-LRR immune receptors that detect a single viral protein and trigger defense. Many different types of viral proteins are known to elicit defense by corresponding NB-LRRs. Defense often results in a type of localized programmed cell death at the site of attempted pathogen infection known as the hypersensitive response (HR-PCD), but some NB-LRRs confer resistance to viruses without HR-PCD. The activation of NB-LRRs triggers manifold signaling events including reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, nitric oxide (NO) production, calcium (Ca2+) influx, activation of mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPKs), and production of the plant hormones salicylic acid (SA), jasmonic acid (JA), and ethylene. After a successful NB-LRR-mediated defense event, the plant exhibits heightened resistance to future pathogen challenge in a state called systemic acquired resistance read more ...