Caister Academic Press

What is Research? Research Questions, Research Designs and Types of Variables

Aceme Nyika
from: Postgraduate Handbook: A Comprehensive Guide for PhD and Master's Students and their Supervisors (Author: Aceme Nyika). Caister Academic Press, U.K. (2018) Pages: 27-38.


A clear understanding of what research is and the different research designs that can be used is critical for research to be conducted correctly. Since there are various research designs, a researcher has to use the most appropriate one for the research question to be answered. A wrong choice of research design leads to wrong data being collected and analysed, which means that the research question cannot be answered correctly. This chapter gives an overview of research designs and types of variables that can be measured. Diagrams and examples are used to make it easy for various concepts to be understood read more ...
Access full text
Related articles ...