Philosophical Background of Knowledge and Some Adult Learning Theories: Simplification of the Terminology
from: Postgraduate Handbook: A Comprehensive Guide for PhD and Master's Students and their Supervisors (Author: Aceme Nyika). Caister Academic Press, U.K. (2018) Pages: 9-18.
Learning at university level involves learners, educators and support staff who should collectively create an institutional environment that is conducive to student-centred learning. Since the core activities of universities are centred on knowledge, it is critical for all stakeholders to have broad comprehension of the main philosophical underpinnings of knowledge. The philosophical basis of knowledge should be understood in terms of the various worldviews that exist and how the different worldviews have a bearing on the approaches through which teaching, learning and construction of knowledge can take place effectively. In general, teaching approaches, research capacity, characteristics of learners and the environment in which teaching, research and learning take place affect the quality of education at universities. Academic researchers should have clear understanding of the philosophical background they want to base their studies on because it has a bearing on the methodological approaches to be taken and the interpretation of results thereof. However, complex terminology used can compromise comprehension of critical philosophical concepts. This article therefore explains in very simple terms the meaning of some pertinent philosophical jargon such as ontology, epistemology, axiology, research paradigms and some adult learning theories read more ...