Biofilms in Periodontal Health and Disease
Purnima S Kumar, Matthew R Mason and Janel Yu
from: Oral Microbial Ecology: Current Research and New Perspectives (Edited by: Nicholas S. Jakubovics and Robert J. Palmer Jr.). Caister Academic Press, U.K. (2013)
Dental plaque biofilm is composed of a diverse microbial community. Several decades of research have been focused on the role played by the subgingival biofilm in the etiology of periodontal diseases. However, recent evidence from other ecosystems within the human body indicates that these biofilms also play an important role in maintaining health. The purpose of this chapter is to explore the health benefits of subgingival plaque, and to outline the development of the biofilm as well as to characterize the bacteria present in the plaque biofilm in health and disease. Additionally, the virulence mechanisms of health and disease-associated biofilms will be outlined read more ...