Caister Academic Press

Nanotechnology and Water Treatment: Applications and Emerging Opportunities

Jacques Theron, Joseph Adrian Walker and Thomas Eugene Cloete
from: Nanotechnology in Water Treatment Applications (Edited by: T. Eugene Cloete, Michele de Kwaadsteniet, Marelize Botes and J. Manuel López-Romero). Caister Academic Press, U.K. (2010)

Abstract

Nanotechnology, the engineering and art of manipulating matter at the nanoscale (1-100 nm), offers the potential of novel nanomaterials for treatment of surface water, groundwater and wastewater contaminated by toxic metal ions, organic and inorganic solutes, and microorganisms. Due to their unique activity toward recalcitrant contaminants and application flexibility, many nanomaterials are under active research and development. Accordingly, literature about current research on different nanomaterials (nanostructured catalytic membranes, nanosorbents, nanocatalysts and bioactive nanoparticles) and their application in water treatment, purification and disinfection is reviewed. Moreover, knowledge regarding toxicological effects of engineered nanomaterials on humans and the environment is presented read more ...
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