Marine Microalgae and Harmful Algal Blooms: A European Perspective
Johanne Arff and Belén Martìn Miguez
from: Microalgae: Current Research and Applications (Edited by: Maria-Nefeli Tsaloglou). Caister Academic Press, U.K. (2016) Pages: 45-72.
Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) are a global phenomenon impacting both wild life and human health; especially the effects of toxin-producing microalgae can be severe, and monitoring programs have been established as a risk reducing measure. However, recent research has demonstrated that HAB species that previously were believed to have a restricted geographical distribution have spread to new areas. Moreover, monitoring programs on seafood safety are often designed to detect harmful algae and biotoxins already known in an area; thus the establishment of new HAB species might not be detected until the effects of a HAB event is evident (i.e. fish killings or human seafood poisoning). Furthermore, an increased understanding of the links between oceanographic conditions and the development of HABs, as well as their toxic properties will be important in future monitoring of HAB species read more ...