Fuminori Yoneyama, Takeshi Zendo, and Kenji Sonomoto
from: Lactic Acid Bacteria and Bifidobacteria: Current Progress in Advanced Research (Edited by: Kenji Sonomoto and Atsushi Yokota). Caister Academic Press, U.K. (2011)
Lactococcus is one of the most important genera of lactic acid bacteria (LAB), because of the widespread use in dairy fermentation foods. Since nisin produced by Lactococcus lactis was discovered in 1928 (Rogers and Whittier, 1928), many bacteriocin-producing Lactococcus strains have been reported and studied so far (Cotter et al., 2005a). Here, recent studies on lactococcal bacteriocins, mainly nisin, are summarized in their diversities and structures, biosynthesis, antimicrobial mechanisms, and applications read more ...