Overview of Foot-and-mouth Disease and its Impact as a Re-emergent Viral Infection
Brian W.J. Mahy and Graham J. Belsham
from: Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus: Current Research and Emerging Trends (Edited by: Francisco Sobrino and Esteban Domingo). Caister Academic Press, U.K. (2017) Pages: 417-426.
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) remains endemic in many countries of the world, but certain regions (e.g. Europe and North America) have attained FMD-free status, which provides economic benefits from international trade in animals and animal products. In recent years there have been serious outbreaks of FMD in countries which are normally free of the disease and the spread of certain viruses (e.g. SAT 2) outside of their normal geographical area. This chapter briefly summarizes the current world situation and addresses the question of whether resurgences of FMD fall into a general pattern of emerging and re-emerging diseases consequent upon four interlinked domains of the determinants of the emergence of infection namely: genetic and biological factors; physical environmental factors; ecological factors; and social, economic and political factors read more ...