The Phytopathogenic Burkholderia
Bruna Gonçalves Coutinho, Mayukh Das, Zulma Rocío Suárez-Moreno, Carlos F. Gonzalez and Vittorio Venturi
from: Burkholderia: From Genomes to Function (Edited by: Tom Coenye and Eshwar Mahenthiralingam). Caister Academic Press, U.K. (2014)
Historically, species of the genus Burkholderia have been known to be pathogenic to plants, and currently they are known as the ethiological agents of several diseases of a wide variety of plants, causing wilt, rot, blight and canker. This group includes: B. andropogonis, B. caryophilii, B. cepacia, B. cenocepacia, B. gladioli, B. glumae, B. plantarii, B. seminalis and B. rhizoxinica. These species have evolved a spectrum of extracellular factors, including phytotoxins, which allow them to cause disease in a variety of hosts. Some of the species presented here may produce these extracellular factors to obtain nutrients by affecting cell membranes, whereas others are typical vascular pathogens invading plant host by wounding the plant surface. In this chapter we describe the preferred plant hosts of each phytopathogenic Burkholderia species, and their virulence factors, as well as the mechanisms involved in disease development read more ...