Ins and Outs of the Bacillus subtilis Membrane Proteome
Jan Maarten van Dijl, Annette Dreisbach, Marcin J. Skwark, Mark J.J.B. Sibbald, Harold Tjalsma, Jessica C. Zweers and Girbe Buist
from: Bacillus: Cellular and Molecular Biology (Third edition) (Edited by: Peter L. Graumann). Caister Academic Press, U.K. (2017) Pages: 263-294.
Bacterial homeostasis is largely determined by a phospholipid bilayer that encloses the cytoplasm. The proteins residing in this cytoplasmic membrane are responsible for communication between the cytoplasm and extracytoplasmic cell compartments or the extracellular milieu of the cell. This chapter deals with the cytoplasmic membrane proteome of Bacillus subtilis. Specifically, we address current views on the roles of membrane proteins in homeostasis, their membrane targeting and retention signals, machinery for membrane insertion, localization of membrane proteins, membrane protein degradation and, finally, the identified and predicted composition of the B. subtilis membrane proteome. Known mechanisms and knowledge gaps are discussed to give a comprehensive overview of the ins and outs of the B. subtilis membrane proteome read more ...