Frederick S.B. Kibenge, Yingwei Wang, Molly J.T. Kibenge, Anil Kalupahana and Scott McBurney
from: Avian Virology: Current Research and Future Trends (Edited by: Siba K. Samal). Caister Academic Press, U.K. (2019) Pages: 179-210.
Avian reoviruses, including all orthoreoviruses of avian origin, belong to the genus Orthoreovirus, one of 15 recognized genera in the family Reoviridae, with a double-stranded RNA genome of 10 segments and a non-enveloped double-layered icosahedral capsid. Avian reoviruses are very common among commercial poultry and other avian species and are also important avian pathogens causing a variety of pathological conditions the most common being viral arthritis/tenosynovitis in commercial broiler chickens and turkeys, and enteric disease and neurological disease in wild birds. These viruses have been extensively studied, as evidenced by the extensive list of published literature reviewed in this chapter. The application of the recently reported reverse genetics system using avian reoviruses will significantly increase our understanding of avian reovirus biology and disease read more ...