Caister Academic Press
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Bacterial Therapeutics

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Bacterial Therapeutics. A review of current scientific research, applications and resources.

Bacterial Therapeutics

Adapted from Parks et al. in Probiotics and Prebiotics: Scientific Aspects
Bacterial Therapeutics: The microbiota of the healthy human vagina is dominated by Lactobacillus species, which play an important role in protecting the host from urogenital infections. Disruption of the Lactobacillus-dominated microbiota can lead to abnormal vaginal microbial communities associated with bacterial vaginosis, and an increased incidence of urinary tract infection (UTI). In addition, epidemiological studies suggest that the normal vaginal microbial ecosystem may play a critical role in reducing the risk of sexually transmitted infections, including human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). Chapter 8 of Probiotics and Prebiotics: Scientific Aspects focuses on the role of lactobacilli in the vaginal ecosystem and the rational use of these bacteria as therapeutic agents for the treatment and prevention of urogenital infections.

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