Perspectives on Differences Between Human and Livestock Animal Research in Probiotics and Prebiotics
Tyler E. Askelson and Tri Duong
from: Probiotics and Prebiotics: Current Research and Future Trends (Edited by: Koen Venema and Ana Paula do Carmo). Caister Academic Press, U.K. (2015) Pages: 447-458.
Probiotics and prebiotics are used widely because of their reported benefits to digestive and immune health. While there is significant evidence to support their effectiveness in humans and livestock animals, interpretation of the results of this research is complicated by the wide differences in research performed in humans as compared to livestock animals. This chapter will explore host-specific digestive physiology, experimental constraints, and probiotic and prebiotic functionality. The insight provided by an understanding of these critically important differences will provide a context in which results of host-specific studies and their broader implications to the science can be evaluated read more ...