New and Emerging Paramyxoviruses
Danielle E. Anderson and Lin-Fa Wang
from: The Biology of Paramyxoviruses (Edited by: Siba K. Samal). Caister Academic Press, U.K. (2011)
The family Paramyxoviridae is composed of a diverse group of viruses and is divided into two subfamilies, Paramyxovirinae and Pneumovirinae. This chapter will limit the discussion to viruses in Paramyxovirinae only. There are currently 40 virus species classified within this subfamily, but several remain unclassified at the genus level. In the past few decades, paramyxoviruses have emerged from terrestrial, volant and aquatic animals, demonstrating a vast host range and great viral genetic diversity. As molecular technology advances and viral surveillance programs are implemented, it is expected that the opportunity for the discovery of new viruses will increase in the years to come. Here, we will provide a review of those new and emerging paramyxoviruses originating from non-human and mainly wildlife animals. The disease causing potential of many of these new viruses is not known, our focus will therefore be placed on the molecular characterization of these viruses and their host range and genetic relationship with other viruses in the same subfamily read more ...