Caister Academic Press

Epidemiology and Control of Campylobacter in Modern Broiler Production

Ana B. Vidal, Rob H. Davies, John D. Rodgers, Anne Ridley and Felicity Clifton-Hadley
from: Campylobacter Ecology and Evolution (Edited by: Samuel K. Sheppard). Caister Academic Press, U.K. (2014)

Abstract

Recent studies continue to indicate that poultry products remain a significant source of foodborne zoonotic Campylobacter infections. These organisms have evolved to readily colonise the avian gut and have adapted to achieve high intestinal and faecal concentrations in broiler flocks. The control of Campylobacter originating from broiler meat is the most important element of public health strategies aiming at reducing the number of human campylobacteriosis cases. This chapter describes factors related to poultry farm and abattoir environments and processing management practices that are associated with Campylobacter contamination at various levels of the broiler production chain, as well as the main available control options. Despite the large body of research in the last 20 years, including the use of molecular typing tools, the ecology and epidemiology of Campylobacter in poultry remains poorly understood, possibly as a result of ineffective detection of the organism in key environmental niches. A better understanding of the multiple interactions between this organism, the poultry environment and the chicken host is required in order to help design targeted and cost-effective control strategies in poultry production read more ...
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