Caliciviruses in Swine
Yunjeong Kim and Kyeong-Ok Chang
from: Caliciviruses: Molecular and Cellular Virology (Edited by: Grant S. Hansman, Xi Jason Jiang and Kim Y. Green). Caister Academic Press, U.K. (2010)
Viruses in three of the four established genera of the family Caliciviridae have been detected in pigs (Sapovirus, Norovirus and Vesivirus), making this animal species of particular interest in the study of calicivirus pathogenesis and host range. The Cowden strain of porcine enteric calicivirus (PEC), a sapovirus, was discovered in a diarrheic pig fecal sample in the US in 1980. Since then, sapoviruses have become recognized as a predominant calicivirus detected in pigs. The Cowden PEC strain grows efficiently in a unique cell culture system, and a reverse genetics system has been developed for elucidation of the mechanisms of replication and pathogenesis at the molecular level. Porcine noroviruses share genetic relatedness with those from humans, and recent studies have shown that pigs are susceptible to infection and mild diarrheal disease when experimentally challenged with related human norovirus strains. Research on porcine caliciviruses has yielded new insights into the mechanisms of pathogenesis, replication, and evolution of the family Caliciviridae read more ...