Organic Pollutants Degradation by Microorganisms: Genomics, Metagenomics and Metatranstriptomics Backgrounds
Sylwia Róźalska and Roksana Iwanicka-Nowicka
from: Microbial Biodegradation: From Omics to Function and Application (Edited by: Jerzy Długoński). Caister Academic Press, U.K. (2016) Pages: 1-12.
Environment pollution by organic compounds of anthropogenic origin is a major global problem. Microorganisms persistent in the environment play a crucial role in removal of pollutants, but until recently it was difficult to determine their exact functions in the elimination of contaminants. Here, the next-generation sequencing (NGS) techniques, which have had a remarkable impact on microbial studies and provided new insights into microbial communities, their biodiversity, and function, are discussed. This review also describes recent achievements in genomics, metagenomics, and metatranscriptomics, which have been implemented in studies on the microbial composition of environments contaminated with organic compounds. The importance of the new approaches for determination of the genes responsible for degradation of toxic compounds and metabolic genes are also discussed read more ...