The Interactions Between Gram-positive Pathogens and Plant Hosts
Elizabeth A. Savory, Allison L. Creason, Olivier M. Vandeputte, Edward W. Davis II and Jeff H. Chang
from: Bacteria-Plant Interactions: Advanced Research and Future Trends (Edited by: Jesús Murillo, Boris A. Vinatzer, Robert W. Jackson and Dawn L. Arnold). Caister Academic Press, U.K. (2015) Pages: 101-138.
Gram-positive bacteria are scientifically interesting and economically important pathogens of many plants. Despite the small number of reported disease causing species, these bacteria display a wide range of lifestyles on plants, from being xylem-limited and practically obligatory, to opportunistic environmental pathogens. In line with the diversity of lifestyles, their evolutionary paths, genome characteristics, and virulence mechanisms are also highly variable. In this chapter, the attributes of plant pathogenic Clavibacter, Streptomyces, and Rhodococcus are discussed in the context of models derived from Gram-negative phytopathogens to highlight key differences. The Gram-positive phytopathogens present a number of opportunities to contribute new insights into the mechanisms of plant-microbial interactions and the evolution of a host-adapted lifestyle in bacteria read more ...