Caister Academic Press

CIMB Abstract

Curr. Issues Mol. Biol. (2003) 5: 75-98.

Impact of Transgenic Technologies on Functional Genomics

Cooduvalli S. Shashikant and Frank H. Ruddle

Gene transfer technologies in mammals are the focus of renewed interest owing to the recent emphasis on analyzing gene function in the postgenomic era. Three important developments in this area include transgenics, gene targeting and nuclear transfer or animal cloning. These technological innovations have enhanced our ability to analyze gene function at the level of the whole organism and have provided the means to modify gene expression. This review discusses the origins and current status of transgenic technologies. Various applications and technologies including chromosome engineering, stem cells, gene traps and modification of livestock are presented. The impact of mouse technologies and genomics on functional analyses is also discussed.

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