Caister Academic Press

CIMB Abstract

Curr. Issues Mol. Biol. (2000) 2: 31-35.

Duplex DNA Capture

Vadim V. Demidov, Nikolay O. Bukanov and Maxim D. Frank-Kamenetskii

This article describes the sequence-specific isolation and purification of intact double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) by oligonucleotide/PNA-assisted affinity capture (OPAC). The OPAC assay is based on selective tagging of a DNA duplex by biotinylated oligodeoxyribonucleotide (ODN) through formation of a so-called PD-loop. The PD-loop is assembled with the aid of a pair of PNA "openers", which allow sequence-specific targeting with a Watson-Crick complementary ODN probe in the exposed region of the dsDNA. The protocol involves three steps. First, two cationic bis-PNAs locally pry the DNA duplex apart at a predetermined site. Then, the exposed DNA single strand is targeted by a complementary biotinylated ODN to selectively form a stable PD-loop complex. Finally, the capture of dsDNA is performed using streptavidin covered magnetic beads. The OPAC procedure has many advantages in the isolation of highly purified native DNA over other affinity capture and amplification techniques.

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