Caister Academic Press

CIMB Abstract

Curr. Issues Mol. Biol. (2012) 14: 27-38.

The Nuclear Lamina as a Gene-silencing Hub

Yuri Y. Shevelyov and Dmitry I. Nurminsky

There is accumulating evidence that the nuclear periphery is a transcriptionally repressive compartment. A surprisingly large fraction of the genome is either in transient or permanent contact with nuclear envelope, where the majority of genes are maintained in a silent state, waiting to be awakened during cell differentiation. The integrity of the nuclear lamina and the histone deacetylase activity appear to be essential for gene repression at the nuclear periphery. However, the molecular mechanisms of silencing, as well as the events that lead to the activation of lamina-tethered genes, require further elucidation. This review summarizes recent advances in understanding of the mechanisms that link nuclear architecture, local chromatin structure, and gene regulation.

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