Caister Academic Press

CIMB Abstract

Curr. Issues Mol. Biol. (2010) 12: 43-48.

Identification and Isolation of an Azoreductase from Enterococcus faecium

Susan R. Macwana, Sumit Punj, John Cooper, Evan Schwenk and Gilbert H. John

Azo dyes are commonly used in many commercial industries. Some of the azo dyes can produce carcinogenic compounds after being metabolized by azoreductase. Several human intestinal microbiota possess azoreductase activity which plays an important role in the toxicity and mutagenicity of these azo dye compounds. The acpD gene product (AzoEf1) responsible for the azoreductase activity of Enterococcus faecium, an intestinal bacterium, was heterologously expressed, purified and characterized. The protein sequence shares 67% identity with the azoreductase from Enterococcus faecalis, AzoA. Although AzoEf1 possesses many commonalities with AzoA, there are differences in coenzyme preference, residues associated with FMN binding, substrate specificity, and specific activity. AzoEf1 utilized both NADH and NADPH for the reduction of azo dyes, and it contains a leucyl residue at position 104 and threonyl residue at position 19 which differ from AzoA at the active site. Its specific activity was 5095 μM/min/mg and its catalytic efficiency for Methyl red reduction was lower than AzoA.

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