Caister Academic Press

CIMB Abstract

Curr. Issues Mol. Biol. (2009) 11: 59-66.
https://doi.org/10.21775/cimb.011.059

Purification and Identification of an FMN-dependent NAD(P)H Azoreductase from Enterococcus faecalis

Sumit Punj and Gilbert H. John

Azoreductases reduce the azo bond (N=N) in azo dyes to produce colorless amine products. Crude cell extracts from Enterococcus faecalis have been shown to utilize both NADH and NADPH as electron donors for azo dye reduction. An azoreductase was purified from E. faecalis by hydrophobic, anion exchange and affinity chromatography. The azoreductase activity of the purified preparation was tested on a polyacrylamide gel after electrophoresis under native conditions and the protein that decolorized the azo dye (Methyl Red) with both NADH and NADPH was identified by mass spectrometry to be AzoA. Previously, the heterologously expressed and purified AzoA was shown to utilize NADH only for the reduction of Methyl Red. However, AzoA purified from the wild-type organism was shown to utilize both coenzymes but with more than 180-fold preference for NADH over NADPH as an electron donor to reduce Methyl Red. Also, its specific activity was more than 150-fold higher than the previous study on AzoA when NADH was used as the electron donor. The catalytic efficiency for Methyl Red reduction by AzoA from E. faecalis was several orders of magnitude higher than other azoreductases that were purified from a heterologous source.

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