Caister Academic Press

CIMB Abstract

Curr. Issues Mol. Biol. (1999) 1: 53-64.

Identification of Lactobacilli and Bifidobacteria

Gerald W. Tannock

Selective culture media and phenotypic tests enable lactobacilli to be differentiated from morphologically similar bacteria. The accurate identification of Lactobacillus species can be accomplished by reference to 16S rRNA gene sequences. Species-specific, PCR primers that target the 16S-23S rRNA spacer region are available for a limited number of Lactobacillus species. Molecular methods for the comprehensive identification of Bifidobacterium species are not yet available. Only DNA-DNA reassociation provides a reliable means of species identification for this genus at present. Bifidobacteria can be differentiated from morphologically similar bacteria by the use of genus-specific, PCR primers or oligonucleotide probes.

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