Caister Academic Press

CIMB Abstract

Curr. Issues Mol. Biol. (2016) 19: 31-42.
https://doi.org/10.21775/9781910190357.05

Omics Approach to Identify Factors Involved in Brassica Disease Resistance

Marta Francisco, Pilar Soengas, Pablo Velasco, Vijai Bhadauria, Maria E. Cartea and Victor M. Rodríguez

Understanding plant's defense mechanisms and their response to biotic stresses is of fundamental meaning for the development of resistant crop varieties and more productive agriculture. The Brassica genus involves a large variety of economically important species and cultivars used as vegetable source, oilseeds, forage and ornamental. Damage caused by pathogens attack affects negatively various aspects of plant growth, development, and crop productivity. Over the last few decades, advances in plant physiology, genetics, and molecular biology have greatly improved our understanding of plant responses to biotic stress conditions. In this regard, various 'omics' technologies enable qualitative and quantitative monitoring of the abundance of various biological molecules in a high-throughput manner, and thus allow determination of their variation between different biological states on a genomic scale. In this review, we have described advances in 'omic' tools (genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics) in the view of conventional and modern approaches being used to elucidate the molecular mechanisms that underlie Brassica disease resistance.

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